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abdul gafur

اﻹستفسار عن الفلسفة أبو حامد الغزالي

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السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

ارجو اﻹستفسار عن المعلومات فلسفة اﻹمام غزالي والجزء من الويكيبيديا الإنجلزية ادناه ولكن ﻻ يوجده في أي مواضيع في اللغة العربية. واستفسر لمن يهمه اﻷمر في المنتدي عن هدا . مادا كلماته في اللغة العربية؟ وفي أي كتاب للإمام الغزالي؟



In cosmology, in contrast to ancient Greek philosophers such as Aristotle who believed that the universe had an infinite past with no beginning, medieval philosophers and theologians developed apposing arguments for the universe having a finite past with a beginning (temporal finitism). This view was inspired by the belief in creation shared by the three Abrahamic religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam. These arguments roots can be traced back to The Christian philosopher, John Philoponus, but the most significant aspect of such arguments history was there development and formulation by Medieval Arabic and Jewish philosophers, most notably; Muslim philosopher, Al-Kindi (Alkindus); the Jewish philosopher, Saadia Gaon (Saadia ben Joseph); and finally Ghazali. They proposed two sorts of logical arguments against an infinite past, the first being the "argument from the impossibility of the existence of an actual infinite", which states:[23]


"An actual infinite cannot exist."

"An infinite temporal regress of events is an actual infinite."

".•. An infinite temporal regress of events cannot exist."


His second argument, the "argument from the impossibility of completing an actual infinite by successive addition", states:[23]


"An actual infinite cannot be completed by successive addition."

"The temporal series of past events has been completed by successive addition."

".•. The temporal series of past events cannot be an actual infinite."

والسلام عليكم

عبد الغفور توتونغال

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